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所在位置:浙江成考网 > 复习资料 > 学位英语 > 正文

2019年成人学位英语英汉互译专项复习资料(五)

2019-04-17 14:58:08   来源:浙江成考网    点击:
作者:王老师
  浙江成考网独家提供成人学位英语考试复习资料,供各位考生参考。备考资料及试题不断更新中,请考生密切关注。

  1.What makes a home? Love, sympathy and confidence. It is a place where kindly affections exist among all the members of the family. The parents take good care of their children, and the children are interested in the activities of their parents. Thus all of them are bound together by affection, and they find their home to be the cheeriest place in the world.

  A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is aman. Every civilized person is a social being. No one should live alone. A man may lead a successful and prosperous life, but prosperity alone can by no means insure happiness. Many great personages in the world history had deep affections for their homes.

  Your home may be poor and humble, but your duty lies there. You should try to make it cheerful and comfortable. The greater the difficulties are, the richer your reward will be.

  答案:何以为家?家就是爱、支持和信任。家,是其成员之间温馨情感共存之处,父母给孩子以呵护,孩子也关注父母的行为。父母和孩子因爱而紧密相连,家成为世上最令人愉悦的地方。 没有爱的家庭,如同没有灵魂的躯体,也就不能称其为“家”。作为社会的一员,没人能独自生存。一个人可能过着成功而富足的生活,但锦衣玉食并不一定就幸福。世界历史上的许多伟人都对家有着深深的眷恋。

  也许你的家贫穷而简陋,但这正是你的职责所在。你应该努力使你的家更温馨舒适,面临的困难愈大,你的收获愈多。

  2.There are things that parents can do at home to encourage children' s creativity. They can involve children in decision-making if the problem is appropriate, and ask children for suggestions. Parents should also encourage their children to talk out loud about things they are doing, for talking out loud improves language skills and thinking skills. It is also very important to give children choices. From the earliest age, children should be allowed to make decisions and understand their consequences. Even if it' s choosing between two food items for lunch, decision-making helps thinking skills.

  答案:在家里,家长可以做一些鼓励孩子发挥创造力的事情。如果遇到合适的问题,家长可以就该问题征求孩子的意见,让他们参与决策。家长还应鼓励孩子大声谈论他们正在做的事情,大声地谈论有助于提高语言能力和思维能力。给孩子一些选择的余地也很重要。应该允许孩子自己做决定并清楚其后果,要让孩子从尽可能早的年龄开始这样做。做决定有助于培养思维能力,即便只是在午餐的两种食物的选择上做决定也行。

  3.What is your favourite colour? Do you like yellow, orange, red? If you do, you must be an optimist, a leader,an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement. Do you prefer greys and blues? Then you are probablyquiet, shy, and you would rather follow than lead. You tend to be a pessimist. At least, this is what psychologists tell us, and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of colour preference, as well as the effect that colours have on human beings. They tell us, among other facts, that we do not choose our favourite colour as we grow up--we are born with our preference. If you happen to love brown, you did so, as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.

  答案:你最喜欢什么色彩?你喜欢黄色、橙色和红色吗?倘若如此,你准是一个乐观的人,一个领导者,一个享受人生、乐于交往、容易激动、积动向上的人。你偏爱灰、蓝系列色彩吗?那么,你很可能缄默、羞怯,你宁愿被别人领导而不愿领导别人。你有悲观者的倾向。至少,这是心理学家告诉我们的——心理学家应该是这方面的专家,因为他们一直在认认真真地研究色彩偏爱的意义以及各种色彩对人的不同影响。他们告诉我们许多东西,其中之一是我们并不是在成长过程中挑选自己偏爱的色彩——我们的这种偏爱与生俱来。假设你碰巧喜欢褐色,当你一睁开眼看到这个世界,或至少当你看清这个世界的时候,你就喜欢上褐色了。

  4.I think a teacher should have the kind of mind which always wants to go on learning. Teaching is a job at which one will never be perfect; there is always something more to learn about it. There are three main subjects of study:the subject or subjects which the teacher is teaching; the methods by which they can best be taught to the pupils in the classes he is teaching; --by far the most important--the children, young people or adults to whom they are to be taught. The two main principles of British education today are that education is education of the whole person, and that it is best acquired through full and active cooperation between two persons, the teacher and the learner.

  答案:我认为一名教师应该具有不断好学上进的精神。教学工作是一项永远不会完美无缺的工作,总是有更多的东西需要学习。有三个主要课题值得研究:教师所任教的一门或几门课程;最有效地把课程内容传授给学生的教学方法;教学的对象:儿童、青年或成年人,这也是最重要的。当今英国教育有两个主要原则,其一是教育是对受教育者的全面素质教育;其二是教育通过教师和学生二者之间充分而积极的合作才能得以圆满实现。

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